Frank Bures: US vaccine mandates are nothing new | Lifestyles
The latest political row over ‘the government’ telling you what to do is President Biden’s proposed federal mandate on September 9 to require private sector workers in companies with more than 100 employees to be vaccinated against COVID. or be tested regularly for COVID. This has a segment of the population that reacts negatively, to say the least. But a long, very scholarly article appeared in the Wall Street Journal on September 19, 2021, “The Long History of Vaccine Mandates in American History” by David Oshinsky. We will extract the highlights and other similar articles.
Mr. Oshinsky: “When claims for individual rights collide with public health measures designed to save emergency lives and protect the community as a whole, who makes the decisions? We’re not going to use the space to promote the argument, just hit the strong points. The primary authority for the new term is a federal law of 1970 that gives the Secretary of Labor the power to issue a Temporary Emergency Standard (STE) with a duration of 6 months. … [T]there passionate disagreements ”- to put it mildly! – “Public health mandates are not new to the United States. Mr. Biden’s new measures are far-reaching, but they don’t actually make vaccines mandatory.”
The first American vaccination warrant was carried out by George Washington in 1777 to immunize his troops against smallpox against their will. Smallpox kills about 30% of infected patients. He described smallpox as “more destructive to an army in a natural way than the sword of the enemy”. Smallpox defeated the American assault on Quebec, Canada, in 1775.
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Active inoculation with the contents of a smallpox pustule by scraping the material from the dried crust on a person to create a mini-infection has been practiced for centuries in other countries, also by inhalation of the material. It caused smallpox deaths in 3% of recipients. It was called smallpox, after smallpox, name for smallpox. The troops received the inoculation, saw smallpox practically disappear from the ranks, and won the battle.
Edward Jenner tested his smallpox vaccine on an 8-year-old boy in 1796 by attempting to administer smallpox afterwards (inoculation). The boy remained in good health. After that, the first mandate for vaccination was established in 1809. The first mandate for vaccination in American schools was promulgated in Massachusetts in the 1850s to prevent the transmission of smallpox. In the 1900s, nearly half of all states had the same requirement. As more vaccines were developed and tested in the 1950s and 1960s, they reduced many dreaded infections and deaths. In 1963, 20 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico had mandates requiring a variety of vaccines to enter schools. But the application was uneven.
In 1977, the federal government established the Children’s Vaccination Initiative to increase childhood immunization rates against diphtheria, measles, mumps, rubella, pertussis (pertussis), polio, and tetanus. . It was at this point that all 50 states broadly adopted compulsory vaccination in schools. There are medical and religious exemptions in many places.
During World War II, the military made vaccination mandatory against a multitude of diseases such as typhoid, tetanus, and yellow fever. And who could forget the photo of Elvis being vaccinated during the Vietnam era?
In the Jacobson v Massachusetts case in 1905, the Supreme Court ruled against a well-known Lutheran pastor, Henning Jacobson, who challenged a city ordinance requiring smallpox vaccination during an epidemic, calling it “unreasonable. , arbitrary and oppressive ”. The court ruled that the decision to vaccinate was not up to the individual. Justice John Marshall Harlan wrote: “Constitutionally guaranteed freedom does not imply an absolute right of every person to be at all times and under all circumstances fully free from all coercion. He also warned that warrants should not be implemented in “an arbitrary and unreasonable manner”. This has been the basis of most legal mandate challenges since.
In 1922, the Supreme Court upheld an order in San Antonio, Texas, requiring proof of smallpox vaccination for people entering public schools and other educational settings, using the Jacobson case as a precedent.
The extreme politicization of a medical crisis has never happened before as far as we see it with COVID. No one has the right to harm someone else in order to exercise their “personal freedom”. As Lawrence Goslin, professor of global health law at Georgetown University, wrote in the August 5, 2021 issue of Scientific American: “For too long Americans have been asking ‘What rights do I have as a as a citizen with rights? ‘ Now is the time to ask: “What duties do I owe my neighbors, my community and my country?” “
This is a really shortened discussion on the subject of immunization mandates. The new warrant offers an option for a shot by being tested, not by getting angry. It doesn’t require you to get stuck. And, in case you feel like you’ve been in class and taken the Mandates course, there’s no mandatory testing on this material later on.
Dr Bures, semi-retired dermatologist, has worked since 1978 in Winona, La Crosse, Viroqua and Red Wing. He also plays the clarinet in the Winona Municipal Band and in some Dixieland groups. And he appreciates a good pun.